The maximum number of hours for non-hazardous work is 8 hours a day, but not exceeding 48 hours per week. Where the working hours of any day are less than 8 hours, the employer and employee may agree to make up the remaining working hours in other normal working days, but not exceed 9 hours per day and the total wrking hours per week shall not exceed 48 hours. In some types of work as stipulated by law, the employer and the employee may agree to arrange the period of wroking hours, but it still must not exceed 48 hours a week. Hazardous work may not exceed 7 hours a day, or 42 hours per week. The employees are entitled to no fewer than 13 national holidays per year, as well as minimum of 6 days of annual vacation after working consecutively for 1 dull year. The employees have the choice of whether they wish to work overtime or on holidays. A female employee is entitled to maternity leave for a period of 90 days including holidays, but paid leave shall not exceed 45 days.
All employees are entitled to a daily rest period of at least 1 hour after working 5 consecutive hours. The employer and the employee may arrange the daily rest period to be shorter than 1 hour at each time, but it must not be less than 1 hour a day in total. A weekly holiday of at least 1 day per week at intervals of a six-day period must be arranged by the employer.
For work performed in excess of the maximum number or working hours fixed either by law or by specific agreement (if the latter is lower), the employees must be paid overtime compensation. The rates for overtime vary and range from 1-1/2 time to 3 times the normal hourly wage rate for the actual overtime worked. The maximum number of overtime working hours is limited to not more than 36 hours a week.
The minimum age for employment is 15 years, and the works below the age of 18 are banned from dangerous and hazardous jobs. They are also prohibited from working overtime, on holidays, or between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. A pregnant employee is also prohibited from working overtime, on holidays, or between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. However, if she works in an executive position, or performs academic, administrative, and/ or work relating to finance or accounts, the employer may assign her to work overtime on a working day with her consent insofar as it does not effect the health of the pregnant employee.
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